Causes, Treatment, and Prevention of Gingivitis in Cats

 Causes, Treatment, and Prevention of Gingivitis in Cats

Causes, Treatment, and Prevention of Gingivitis in Cats

Clean the tissues beneath the gum line and remove plaque and tartar. In severe cases of gingivitis, antibiotics may be required, as well as surgery to extract teeth or repair damaged tissue.

After the dental cleaning, cats' teeth should be brushed on a regular basis. Brushing may be painful for cats with stomatitis (another oral inflammatory condition). To alleviate discomfort, veterinarians frequently extract teeth from cats suffering from stomatitis.

If your cat's gingivitis is caused by an underlying systemic disease, your veterinarian will need to evaluate that condition as well as the gingivitis to determine the best course of treatment.

While gingivitis is not contagious, the factors that cause it in one cat are likely to affect other cats in the household, so all cats should be examined.

Gingivitis in Cats Diagnosis

As a cat owner, you are likely to be the first to notice issues with your cat's oral health. Make an appointment with your veterinarian if you notice any of the possible symptoms of gingivitis. To your doctor's trained eye, a simple oral exam will reveal the presence of gingivitis. If there is only minor redness or inflammation, no additional diagnostic testing is usually necessary. If your veterinarian suspects an infection or deeper damage within the oral cavity, x-rays may be required to determine the extent of the disease.


Gingivitis treatment entails removing accumulated plaque and dental calculus, followed by extraction of loose or infected teeth to prevent disease progression. The first lines of treatment are usually regular dental care and medical management. To address any inflammatory dental disease, a routine dental cleaning and dental x-rays should be performed under anesthesia.

The first signs of gingivitis in cats are bad breath and gum inflammation, which appears as red or swollen gums. Drooling is a possible sign of oral discomfort, but it can also be caused by other conditions, so it is not a sure sign of gingivitis.

A cat with sore gums or a tooth infection will either refuse food or chew with difficulty. It may spit out food or chew on only one side of its mouth. Of course, if a cat stops eating, it will lose weight and become malnourished. Weight loss and behavioral changes can be indicators of other health problems and should be evaluated by a veterinarian.

Gingivitis Causes

Plaque and bacteria buildup is the most common cause of gingivitis in cats.

1 other risk factor

What Exactly Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingiva, or the gum that surrounds the tooth. Gingivitis can range from mild to severe. Mild gingivitis is very common in cats of all breeds and ages, and it is thought to be the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque builds up on the teeth over time, and the gums become inflamed. At this point, gum recession may begin. Gingivitis will worsen and become severe if left untreated. In severe cases, cats may struggle to eat due to the pain, and a dental cleaning under anesthesia may be required to prevent further discomfort and damage.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Gingivitis symptoms are mostly associated with a cat's mouth. In more severe cases, physical and behavioral changes in the cat may indicate illness.

Gingivitis, an inflammatory gum disease, is common in cats. Most cats over the age of three have gingivitis and associated dental disease as a result of dietary influences, diseases, or physical abnormalities. Gingivitis is more common in short-nosed breeds, such as Persians, due to oral malalignment. Gum inflammation can be extremely painful and, if left untreated, can result in tooth loss, bone infection, and bacteria entering the bloodstream through diseased oral tissues. A systemic bacterial infection in a cat's body can harm other organs. Both preventative and acute treatment measures can help reduce the risks of gingivitis while also supporting your cat's overall health.

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