Monkeypox outbreak is deemed a public health emergency by the WHO. Monkeypox outbreak is deemed a public health emergency by the WHO.

 Breaking News: Monkeypox outbreak is deemed a public health emergency by the WHO. Monkeypox outbreak is deemed a public health emergency by the WHO.

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The unprecedented global monkeypox outbreak was deemed a public health emergency on Saturday by the World Health Organization, giving it the authority to take additional steps to attempt to stop the virus's spread.

Unusually, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus made the announcement despite the fact that the committee of experts he assembled to analyze the problem did not advise him to do so since they were unable to come to an agreement. A PHEIC was not deemed to be a public health emergency of international concern by the same committee when it met just one month prior.

Despite the fact that the committee doesn't actually vote, a poll of the members showed that nine believed a PHEIC shouldn't be declared and six agreed. When the group convened in June, there were three in favor and 11 against.

The WHO stated in a report on the meeting that the emergency committee members who opposed the declaration of a PHEIC were worried, among other things, that it might lead to abuse and stigmatization of men who have sex with men, the community where the vast majority of cases in this outbreak are occurring. The global health organization was adamant that this should not occur.

According to Mike Ryan, who oversees the WHO's Health Emergencies Program, "it is extremely crucial that the existence of a public health emergency of international concern and the intensification of surveillance and control efforts are not used as a means of coercive surveillance or for the imposition of measures that would impede the dignity and human rights of the people affected." "It's crucial that we strike the correct balance."

Only a handful of countries in Central and Western Africa have an endemic monkeypox outbreak. However, six instances were reported in May by public health authorities in London among people who had not visited an endemic country. In guys who have intercourse with men, four of the six were found.

In the following weeks, the number of cases worldwide exploded, reaching more than 16,000 in more than 75 nations across Europe, North and South America, the Middle East, new regions of Africa, South Asia, and Australia. There have been around 2,900 cases reported in the US.

Tedros is granted certain powers by the PHEIC (pronounced "fake"), including the authority to advise on the appropriate course of action for various nations. It might also encourage international cooperation for a more coordinated response. Making sure that vaccines and treatments, which are in short supply, are distributed more fairly may be a part of that endeavor.

On Saturday, the WHO released a lengthy list of recommendations divided into four categories: those for nations that have not yet identified a monkeypox case; those for nations where there is still active human-to-human transmission; those for nations where the virus is naturally endemic; and those for nations with the ability to produce monkeypox vaccine and therapeutics. For example, countries with no instances were asked to improve their surveillance and be ready to handle infections should they arise. Nations having the ability to produce medications and vaccines were asked to do so and to share their products.

Related: Many specialists think the virus can't be contained because monkeypox is spreading globally.

The outbreak has primarily affected gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men up to this point, with many cases occurring in men who have had multiple recent sex partners. The WHO believes this increases the likelihood that the outbreak can be contained.

The right approaches taken by the appropriate groups can stop this spread, according to Tedros.

However, public health authorities have emphasized that the outbreak may spread to more delicate populations, including as youngsters, pregnant women, and those with impaired immune systems. In fact, Dutch researchers on Thursday reported a case in a youngster under the age of 10 who had no apparent connection to any other affected people. In the meantime, two kids in the US have contracted the illness, probably through transmission within the home.

On a larger scale, several scientists have voiced fear that it might already be too late to try to stop the outbreak and that monkeypox might become endemic in all nations.

Many of the instances in the United States have been identified through sexual health clinics. The National Coalition of STD Directors pleaded with the Biden administration on Saturday to adopt the WHO's recommendation and declare monkeypox a national public health emergency. The group urged the government to set aside $100 million for emergency funding.

The group's executive director, David C. Harvey, stated in a statement that "although the administration has taken steps to address the monkeypox outbreak, including speeding the provision of vaccines and committing essential money for monkeypox research, it quite simply is not enough."

"Cities and states across the nation have been left to manage this outbreak on their own, making hard choices about how and when to distribute immunizations, offer medications that are required for recovery, and inform the public."

Ashish Jha, the White House Covid-19 coordinator, stated during a media briefing on the Friday reaction to the monkeypox outbreak in the United States that the Department of Health and Human Services is debating whether announcing an emergency will benefit in the response.

"I think it's always important to ask really specific questions about what exactly would it allow us to be able to do differently than we're doing now, and would that make it easier to be able to be able to respond to this outbreak," Jha said of public health emergencies. It's a topic of continuing but lively discussion at HHS.

Infections with monkeypox cause uncomfortable sores and rashes, including vesicles developing on the palms. A few vaginal or anal lesions have been the most common symptoms in the current outbreak, as opposed to the historically wide rashes seen in patients.

Close contact is the major way that the monkeypox virus spreads, either directly through touch with lesions, by contact with contaminated clothing or linens, or through respiratory droplets. Despite an increase in case numbers, there have been no known virus-related deaths in either Europe or the United States to date. Five deaths have been reported so far in 2022 in the Central African Republic and Nigeria, two of the nations where monkeypox is endemic.

The head of epidemics and epidemiology at the Wellcome Trust in Britain, Josie Golding, stated that this outbreak should serve as a wake-up call for global leaders to strengthen the world's ability to handle infectious disease outbreaks.

We now confront a twin issue as monkeypox cases continue to rise and spread to more nations: an endemic illness in Africa that has gone untreated for years, as well as a recent outbreak affecting underserved areas. To stop this spread, governments must take it more seriously and cooperate internationally, according to a statement from Golding. "We cannot continue to wait for diseases to get worse before acting."

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